Clifton J. Tracy Jr. Notes: The Passover
Friday, March 30, 2007
File: Passover 1
Subject: How often to take the Passover or Lord's Supper
I want to state up front what I wish to accomplish in this research. The Passover is time sensitive, by that I mean it should be kept at a specific time and season; I wish to establish that Jesus called this ordinance the "Passover" instead of the Lord's Supper, and the reason Why Christ gave the ordinance to be kept. Intersperse in the text of the Bible will be my comments set apart by three dots ... and concluding in three dots ... Should there be any thing unclear to you please note it and we can discuss it at an appropriate time. May I also state my reasons for sharing this research is not to convert, change Your mind, or slander what you or any one believe about the subject I share. I share for your input and comments on the subjects, your critique if you please. I am taking all my scriptures from the Holy Bible King James Version ed2, unless noted in the text. I arranged the text according to "Harmony of the Gospels" I retrieved from the internet Title "Life of Christ Life History Teachings".
I will begin where the Passover was first established in the Old Testament to show its time critical importance.
'And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, 2This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you. ... Four hundred and thirty years in captivity, they had lost account of time with no calendar, God is going to give them a time sensitive ordinance to keep; they had to be given a means to tell time, so verse 2. Verse 3 began the ordinance ... 3Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house
6And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening. l7 And ye shall observe the feast of unleavened bread for in this selfsame day have I brought your armies out of the land of Egypt; therefore shall ye observe this day in your generations by an ordinance
forever. 18 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month at even. 25 And it shall come to pass, when ye be come to the land which the LORD will give you, according as he hath promised, that ye shall keep this service.
26 And it shall come to pass, when your children shall say unto you. What mean ye by this service? 27That ye shall say, it is the sacrifice of the LORD’S Passover, who passed over the houses, of the children of Israel in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses. And the people bowed the head and worshipped, It was the month of Abib, Exodus 13: 4 This day came ye out in the month. Abib . . . it was on THE 14th that evening. … Why? … And it shall be for a sign unto thee upon thine hand, and for a memorial between thine eves, that the LORD'S law may be in thy mouth; for with a strong hand hath the LORD brought thee out of Egypt. 10 Thou shalt therefore keep this ordinance in his season from year to year. .. .Note the Passover was time sensitive to the very day and part of the day. .Numbers 9:2Let the children of Israel also keep the Passover at his appointed season 3In the fourteenth day of this month, at even, ye shall keep it in his appointed season: according to all the rites of It, and according to all the ceremonies thereof, shall ye keep it.
.. .The keeping of the Passover was so important that provision was made should one miss the first appointed tune, a second Passover was to be kept one month later, Note also Moses didn't make that decision, he asked God and God decided in verse 9... 9 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 10Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, If any man of you or of your posterity shall be unclean by reason of a dead body, or be in a journey afar off, yet he shall keep the Passover unto the LORD. l1'The fourteenth day of the second month at even they shall keep it, and eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. .. .The Passover was so time sensitive, that if it was not kept at the proper time and under the proper conditions, that soul was to be cut off. verse .. .13But the man that is clean, and is not in a journey, and forbeareth to keep the Passover, even the same soul shall be cut off from among his people: because he brought not the offering of the LORD in his appointed season, that man shall bear his sin.
We have seen that the Passover was time sensitive and was to be kept as commanded according to its time. You will say yes but that is the Old Covenant, which was done away, or those ordinances were for Israel. Well what about Romans 2:28For he is not a Jew, which is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision, which is outward in the flesh: 29But he is a Jew, which is one inwardly; and circumcision Is that of the heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter; whose praises not of men, but of God, What about Ephesians 2; l2That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world: Jeremiah 31:32, Hebrews 8:13.
I summit to you that Jesus kept the Old and on, that last Passover established the New Passover along with the New Covenant. Only the shadows were dropped that symbolized Jesus. Jesus himself, his body and blood became the symbols of the New Passover. The time pattern never changed because the old Priesthood that was done away was patterned after the one that was and is in heaven today. Where Christ sit on the right band of his Father,
Jesus kept the Passover in the proper time from twelve years of age as was the custom of his parents to his last Passover in Luke 22:15. We can see as a child Jesus kept, the Passover. Luke 2:4INow his parents went to Jerusalem every year at the feast of the passover.42And when he was twelve years old, they went up to Jerusalem after the custom of the feast. .. .The feast of unleavened and the Passover were interchangeable. ...Luke 22: J Now the feast of unleavened bread drew nigh, which is called the Passover. The Book of John list several different Passovers of which Jesus did several different things like in John 2:13 the time he turn the tables of the moneychangers and drove them out of the Temple, In John 6:11 Jesus fed a company of men that numbered about five thousand. Jesus kept these Passover year by year and in their seasons. We come to the 11 : Chapter of John to the time period just before the beginning his last Supper with his disciples and the establishment of the ordinance of the New Passover, Not Old Testament Passover that went away with the Death of Christ, but the New Passover that began after that last supper meal was over.
John 11:55 when many of the people of the country side went up to keep the Passover and looking for Jesus. 55And the Jews' Passover was nigh at hand: and many went out of the country up to Jerusalem before the Passover, to purify themselves. 56Then sought they for Jesus, and spoke among themselves, as they stood in the temple, what think ye, that he will not come to the feast?
Supper in that day and time was the last meal of the day. (I can remember when I was a kid we ate supper the last meal at about 5:30 in the evening.)
When Jesus was in Bethany, these scriptures show the last meal was called supper. More than just eating was go on at the supper meal. There is an interaction among the participant, a fellowship of service. (John 12:1) Six days before the last Passover Jesus came to Bethany, where Lazarus was which had been dead, whom he raised from the dead. 2There they made him a supper; and Martha served: Then took Mary a pound of ointment of spikenard, very costly, and anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped his feet with her hair: and the house was filled with the odor of the ointment, (see also Mat 26:6-13 Mark 14:3-9). Judas Iscariot was displeased. 7Then said Jesus, Let her alone: against the day of my burying hath she kept this. .. .These next scriptures time the events that lead up to Jesus establishing the ordinance of the New Passover,
John 12:12On the next day, day five much people that were come to the feast, when they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem, (Mat 21:8-11, Mark 11:7 - 10 Luke 19:35 - 38) 20And there were certain Greeks among them that came up to worship at the
Feast: they came to Philip, and desired him, saying, Sir, we would see Jesus. 22 Philip)
cometh and telleth Andrew: and again Andrew and Philip tell Jesus. And Jesus answered them, saying, The hour is come, that the Son of man should be glorified. .. .Signaling this was the last Passover and the oration that follow encourages his followers and tells them about his death.... 24Verily, verily, I say unto you. Except a corn of wheat fall into the ground and die, it abideth alone: but if it die, it bringeth forth much fruit. 25lle that loveth his life shall lose it; and he that hateth his life in this world shall keep it unto life eternal. 26If any man serves me let him follow me; and where I am, there shall also my servant be: if any man serves me, him will my Father honor. .. .Here he saw the agony of the events leading to the cross and comforted himself by realizing why he had to go through this agony.
The Father verifies the son's actions. . . . 27Now is my soul troubled; and what shall I say? Father, save me from this hour: but for this cause came I unto this hour. Father, glorify thy name. Then came there a voice from heaven, saying, I have both glorified it, and will glorify it again. 29The people therefore, that stood by, and heard it, said that it thundered: others said, an angel spoke to him. 30Jesus answered and said, this voice came not because of me, but for your sakes,
Latter in the garden after he had kept the New Passover he prayed with such urgency that great drops of sweat like blood dripped from his face. Father if it be possible remove this bitter cup.
How would any human like to be reminded every three weeks of the excruciating painful suffering till great drops of blood fall from their face; to be reminded that their body be marred almost beyond recognition, then to be nailed to a Cross hung by his hands and feet until he was literally suffocated and if that wasn't enough a spear thrust in his side, so that blood and water gushed out. Is it any wonder that the writer of Hebrews 10:26For if we sin willfully after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins, 28He that despised Moses' law died without mercy under two or three witnesses: Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of God, and hath counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace?
Lets get back to the timing: Peter and John prepare for Passover, Mat 26:17 -19, Mark 14:12—16 and Luke 22:7Then came the day of unleavened bread, when the Passover must be killed. 8And he sent Peter and John, saying, Go and prepare us the Passover, that we may eat. 9And they said unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare?
I0 And he said unto them, Behold, when ye are entered into the city, there shall a man
meet you, bearing a pitcher of water; follow him into the house where he entereth in.
1 1 And ye shall say unto the Goodman of the house. The Master saith unto thee. Where is
the guest chamber, where I shall eat the Passover with my disciples? The group arrived
early enough to Fellow ship. Luke 22:14, Mark 14:17, Mathew 26:20Now when the
even (time evening) was come, he sat down with the twelve. 21And as they did eat, he
said, Verily I say unto you, that one of you shall betray me. Luke22:17And he took the
cup, and gave thanks, and said, Take this, and divide it among yourselves: 18For I say unto you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine, until the kingdom of God shall come. . . . This cup of wine was drunk with the supper meal. This gesture ends the supper meal.
This was an evening meal and an old Passover meal because it was called a "Supper". . . .John 13 2And supper being ended, the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him; 4He (Jesus) riseth from supper, and laid aside his garments; and took a towel, and girded himself. 5 After that he poureth water into a basin, and began to wash the disciples' feet, and to wipe them with the towel wherewith he was girded.
6Then cometh he to Simon Peter: and Peter saith unto him, Lord, dost thou wash my feet? 7Jesus answered and said unto him, what I do thou knowest not now;
but thou shalt know hereafter. Peter saith unto him, Thou shalt never wash my feet. Jesus answered him, If I wash thee not, thou hast no part with me. 12So after he had washed their feet, and had taken his garments, and was set down again, he said unto them, Know ye what I have done to you? 13Ye call me Master and Lord: and ye say well; for so I am. I4If I then, your Lord and Master, have washed your feet; ye also ought to wash one another's feet. 15For 1 have given you an example, that ye should do as 1 have done to you.
Here Jesus gives us the first ordinance of the New Passover. After He washes the disciples' feet he then in Luke 22:14 - 20 14And when the hour was come, he sat down, and the twelve apostles with him. I5And he said unto them, with desire I have desired to eat this Passover with you before 1 suffer I6For I say unto you, I will not any more eat thereof, until it be fulfilled in the kingdom of God. . .. Jesus called this a Passover for he knew that he would at this point, become the Passover lamb that was to be slain. Here is my second objective in this research, until this tune in the history of Passover it was never kept in this fashion. This was a first this was a new Passover. Jesus himself called it a "Passover". ...
The sequence of events: Jesus rises and girt himself with a towel John 13:4, poured water in a basin and wash the disciple’s feet: he gave Peter and the rest, a discourse of what he had done. After this task was completed; Luke 22:19And he took bread, and gave thanks, and breaks it, and gave unto them, saying, this is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me. .. .Note the cup in verse 17 is different Than the cup in verse 20 the language is different take and divide it among you showing this cup belong to the meal prior to the end of supper. The cup in verse 20 belongs to the New Passover meal. .. .20Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, this cup is the New Testament (or Covenant) in my blood, which is shed for you. (See also Mat 26:26 -29 Mark 14:22 - 25),
With the Passover symbols changed Jesus explained what he had done in John 13:16-33 and gave them a New commandment John 13:34 He also instructs his disciples to meet him after he is risen in Mat 26:32But after I am risen again, I will go before you into Galilee. They sang a song Mat 26:30And when they had sung a hymn, they went out into the Mount of Olives. John writes, John 14:3 'But that the world may know that. I love the Father; and as the Father gave me commandment, even so I do. Arise, let us go hence. Mark writes, Mark 14:26And when they had sung a hymn, they went out into the Mount of Olives,
It will be good to note here the phrases: supper being ended in John 13:2, after supper in Luke 22:20 mark the distinction between the Old and New Passover. The crowning passage of scripture 1 Corinthians 11:20 showing that Paul knew the difference between the two and tried to correct it. The Passover had degenerated into the Lord's Supper meal, by the Corinthians. 1 Corinthians 11:18For first of all, when ye come together in the church, I hear that there be divisions among you: and I partly believe it. 19For there must be also heresies among you that they which are approved may be made manifest among you. (1 Corinthians 11:20When ye come together therefore into one place, this is not to eat the Lord's Supper. ... (Paul went on to explain the Passover that Jesus kept.)... For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, that the Lord Jesus the same night in which he was betrayed took bread: 24And when he had given thanks, he break it, and said, Take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me. 2SAfter the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, this cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. 26For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do show the Lord's death till he comes.
Now may I ask how often was the Passover kept as taught by the school master? How often did Christ our example keep the Passover? What was one of the reasons the Passover was instituted? Exodus 13 9And it shall be for a sign unto thee upon thine
hand, and for a memorial between thine eyes, that the LORD'S law may be in thy mouth: for with a strong hand hath the LORD brought thee out of Egypt. l°Thou shalt therefore keep this ordinance in his season from year to year. God delivered Israel and Christ delivered us. What is our identifying sign in keeping the New Passover that the law ofA
Christ will never depart from us.
John 13: A new commandment I give unto you, that ye love one another; as I have loved you, that ye also love one another. 35By this shall all men know that ye are my disciples, if ye have love one to another. How often was the memorial to be kept? Paul said, 26For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do show the Lord's death till he come. . . .The memorial was to be kept year by year Paul though that this memorial was so important that he said this is why, 1 Corinthians 11: 29For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body 30For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep. Many are dead because of misuse. Please note the time sensitiveness of the ordinance. Also note this is a command performance in both Old and New Covenant. This is the body of Jesus Christ and the mother of us all, Eph 1:23 Gal 4:26.
The Church is the mother of us all.
My research does not end here. My goal is to set each meeting of Christ as a group and what was established by way of ordinances, statutes, and judgments, like the great commission. I would like to know the number present, time, place of the meeting, and the purpose. I would like to start with the end of the Old Passover, through the New Passover, death and resurrection to the ascension in the book of Acts.
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